• Elaborate Course: Regional Anatomy


Elaborate Course: Regional Anatomy
精品课程:局部解剖学


I. Course Introduction (including teaching goals and requirements) :

Regional Anatomy deals with the forms, positions, and relationship of the structures of the human body in a given region. A satisfactory knowledge of Regional Anatomy is one of the key foundations of safe and effective medical practice Upon the successful completion of this subject, students should obtain:(1) A factual comprehension of the major anatomical divisions (e.g., the thorax, or upper limb) emphasizing the functional relationships of the various systemic structures (e.g., muscles, nerves, and arteries) within that area; (2) An understanding of the morphological role of the different body regions, in the context of adjacent regions, and the body as a whole; (3) The ability to use regional anatomical knowledge to understand the anatomical origin of real-life biomedical problems.


II. Teaching Syllabus (including the content of chapters and sections. A sheet can be attached):

II. Teaching Syllabus (including the content of chapters and sections. A sheet can be attached):
0. Introduction  0.5h
I. Anatomic Terminology
II. Parts of the Body
III. The Basic Structures of the Human Body
IV. Instruments for Cadaver Dissection
V. Methods of Dissection
1. The Head  6h
Section 1  Introduction
I. Boundaries and Divisions
II. Surface Anatomy
Section 2  The Face
I. The Superficial Part of the Face
II. The Deep Part of the Lateral Face
Section3  The Cranium
I. The Frontoparietooccipital Region
II. The Temporal Region
III. The Cranial cavity
2. The Neck 6h
Section 1  Introduction
I. Boundaries and Divisions
II. Surface Anatomy
Section 2  Superficial Structures of the Neck and the Cervical Fascia
Section 3  The Anterior Region and Sternocleidomastoid Region of the Neck
Section 4  The Lateral Region of the Neck
Section 5  The Root of Neck
3. The Upper Limb 9h
Section 1  Introduction
I. Boundaries and Divisions
II. Surface Anatomy
Section 2  The Pectoral Region and the Axillary Region
Section 3  The Anterior Region of the Arm and Forearm
Section 4  The Scapular Region and the Back of the Arm and Forearm
Section 5  The Hand ( Wrist, Palm and Dorsum of Hand)
4. The Lower Limb 9h
Section 1  Introduction
I. Boundaries and Divisions
II. Surface Anatomy
Section 2  The Anterior and Medial Region of the Thigh
Section 3  The Gluteal Region, the Back of the Thigh and the Popliteal Fossa
Section 4  The Anterior and Lateral Regions of the Leg and the Dorsum of the Foot
Section 5  The Posterior Region of the Leg and the Sole of the Foot
5. The Thorax 12h
Section 1  Introduction
I. Boundaries and Divisions
II. Surface Anatomy
Section 2  The Thoracic Wall and Thoracic Cavity
Section 3  The Lungs
Section 4  The Mediastinum
Section 5  The Diaphragm
6. The Abdomen 18h
Section 1  Introduction
I. Boundaries and Divisions
II. Surface Landmarks
III. The Surface Projections of the Visceral Organs
Section 2  The Anterolateral Abdominal Wall
Section 3  The Inguinal Region
Section 4  The Peritoneum and Peritoneal Cavity
Section 5  The Supracolic Compartment
Section 6  The Infracolic Compartment
Section 7  The Retroperitoneal Space
7. The Pelvis and Perineum 6h
Section 1  Introduction
I. Boundaries and Divisions
II. Surface Anatomy
Section 2  The Pelvis
Section 3  The Perineum
8. The Back and Vertebral Region 5.5h
Section 1  Introduction
I. Boundaries and Divisions
II. Surface Landmarks
Section 2  The Layers and Structures
I. The Skin
II. The Superficial fascia
III. The Deep fascia
IV. The Muscles of Back
V. The Triangles of the Back and Nape
VI. The Deep Blood Vessels and Nerves
VII. The Vertebral Canal and Its Contents

III. Teaching Schedule:

Week

Course Contents

Lecture

Practice

1

Introduction

0.5h

0

Back and Vertebral Region(Introduction, the Layers   and Structures)

1.5h

4h

2

The Upper Limbs   (Introduction, the Scapular Region and the Back of the Arm and Forearm, the   Dorsum of the Hand)

1h

2h

The Lower Limbs   (Introduction, The Gluteal Region, the Back of the Thigh and the Popliteal   Fossa, The Posterior Region of the Leg and the Sole of the Foot)

1h

2h

3

The Upper Limbs (The   Pectoral Region and the Axillary Region, the Anterior Region of the Arm and   Forearm, the Wrist, the Palm of Hand))

2h

4h

4

The Lower Limbs (The   Anterior and Medial Region of the Thigh,

the Anterior and Lateral   Regions of the Leg and the Dorsum of the Foot)

2h

4h

5

The Head (Introduction, The   Face, The Cranium)

2h

4h

6

The Neck ( Introduction,   Superficial Structures of the Neck and the Cervical Fascia, the Anterior Region   and Sternocleidomastoid Region of the Neck, the Lateral Region of the Neck, the   Root of Neck)

2h

4h

7

The Thorax (Introduction,   the Thoracic Wall, the Pleura and Pleural cavity)

2h

4h

8

The Thorax (The Lungs, The   Mediastinum, The Diaphragm)

2h

4h

9

The Abdomen( Introduction,   the Anterolateral Abdominal Wall, the Inguinal Region)

2h

4h

10

The Abdomen(The   Peritoneum and Peritoneal Cavity, the Supracolic Compartment)

2h

4h

11

The Abdomen(The   Infracolic Compartment, the Retroperitoneal Space)

2h

4h

12

The Pelvis and Perineum   (Introduction, the Pelvis, the Perineum)

2h

4h

Note:

 Classes begin in the first semester of the third school year and the students taking this subject must have completed study of Systematic Anatomy.

 Theoretical classes are given in form of large-class and they will be held in the classrooms.

 Practical classes are carried out in the regional anatomy laboratories. The students will learn the gross structures of the human body by cadaver dissection and demonstration. 810 medical students are assigned to each cadaver. They are further subdivided into group “A” and group “B”.

 Respect the cadavers. Their donation is for the students benefit and the students must show their highest respect toward the cadavers. No tissues are to leave the laboratory and no photographing is permitted.

    ⑤One final lecture exam consists of multiple choice, terms explanation and constructed response questions (50 points) and at least 5 cadaver practical exams (10 points each) will be given for evaluation of the students’ performance.