Chapter1. Introduction

1.What is biology and medicalbiology?

2.The main branches and theresearch methods in medical biology;

3.The relationship betweenmedical biology, cell neology and life science.    


Chapter 2.  Chemicalcomponents of cells

1.Organic molecules inside thecells

2.Inorganic molecules insidethe cells

3.The composition of  the organic molecules and their functions


Chapter 3. Biomembrane and cell surface

1.Components and structure ofbiomembranes

2.The concept of cell junctionand adhesion molecules

3.The compositions ofextracellular matrix and their functions


Chapter 4.  IntracellularCompartments and Protein Transport

1.The concept of EndomembraneSystem

2.The characteristics andfunctions of two different types of ER.

3.The main function of Golgicomplex

4.The concept and characteristicsof the subtype of lysosome

5.The composition and functionof ribosome

6.The main process of proteintransportation


Chapter 5.   CellNucleus and Chromosomes

1.The main parts  and functions of cell nucleus

2.The structure and functionof the nuclear envelope

3.The main composition andfunction of cell nucleolus

4.The concept of chromosomeand chromatin/chromosome

5.How does the longer DNAmolecular pack into the chromatin?

6.The characteristics ofeuchromatin and heterochromatin


Chapter 6.  Mitochondria andenergy transformation

1.The structure ofmitochondria

2.The process of oxidativephosphorylation

3.The origin of mitochondria


Chapter 7.   Cytoskeleton and Cell Mobility

4.Three types of cytoskeletalfilaments and their functions

5.How to assemblemicrotubules?

6.The “9+2” arrangement of microtubules in cilium orflagellum

7.The basic unit of the actin filamentand its assembling process

8.The basic unit of the IFsand its assembling process


Chapter 8.  Cell-Cycle andCell Division

1.What is the cell cycle?

2.Cell Cycle Checkpoints(START, G1/S checkpoint, G2/M checkpoint, M checkpoint)

3.Mitosis and Meiosis

4.The main characters ofdifferent phases in mitosis and meiosis

5.The structure of mitoticspindle


Chapter 9.  CellDifferentiation

1.What is cell differentiation?

2.What makes cellsdifferentiate?

3.The conception of Celldetermination

4.The character anddifferences between totipotent cell, pluripotent cell and multipotent cell

5.The character and concept ofstem cells


Chapter 10. Cell senescence and apoptosis

6.The conception  and characters of cell senescene

7.The conception  and characters of cell apoptosis

8.The differences between cellsenescene and cell apotosis



Brief Introduction

Medical biology is the study of life and the foundation of allscientific principles and designed for all medical students who are pursuing a degreein medicine. Through class interactions, students will learn the structure andfunction of organisms at different levels such as molecular and cellular levelsand finally comprehend the organisms. Using lab practices and introducing newresearch findings, we can enhance students’ academic knowledge and utilize itto the maximum in an effort to expand their knowledge of biological theories. Atthe same time, we also want our students to keep in touch with new researches,new concepts and new theory system in biological field and finally put theminto practice in future clinical study.